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The five most common eye diseases - find good advice here

At Christopher Cloos, we value health – particularly eye health which our products are designed to aid. This guide will give you a strong understanding of the five most common eye diseases and what you should be aware of. Most people aren’t aware of eye disease and the terrible consequences that come with them. We’ve gathered knowledge and the best advice to give you a glimpse into red eyes, myopia, farsightedness, cataracts, and glaucoma. Given that we at Christopher Cloos specialize in eye glasses and are not doctors, we recommend you speak to your doctor if you have any questions, concerns, or symptoms. 


Red eyes & conjunctivitis

Irritating red eyes can be caused by numerous factors, including infection, inflammation, allergies, or ruptured blood vessels. In some cases, the blood vessels in the whites of the eyes may rupture. This could be caused by increased pressure on the eye or by rubbing them. In other cases, there is no cause to this. It can be one of the relatively harmless eye diseases that disappears after a few days. However, it should still be taken seriously as red eyes can also develop into noticeable symptoms and disease, like conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis is the most common eye disease, most commonly transmitted by bacterial or viral infections. Symptoms include itching, stinging, and / or a burning sensation in the eyes. The condition is not pleasant and you should seek professional help if you have it. With the above symptoms and red eyes, we recommend that you consult an ophthalmologist that can give you advice as to the cause and a remedy to fix it. 


Red eyes & conjunctivitis



Nearsightedness is due to a ‘refractive error’ in the vision. The cause of myopia is unknown, however most suspect it to be genetics. Myopia is one of the most common eye diseases and it results in the inability to see things far, which are blurred, whereas objects close to the eye can be seen. The refraction error occurs as the shape of your eye creates light which tilts it incorrectly. It causes an inability to focus on objects further away, as you are able to with closer objects. 

The development of human myopia can occur either gradually or rapidly, and is a genetic disorder. If you are nearsighted (without having it confirmed), a vision test can identify if you have myopia. At Christopher Cloos, we can help you identify myopia in our store in Copenhagen, where we offer free vision tests. If you do not live in the Copenhagen area, we would recommend that you visit your local ophthalmologist. Whether you have been diagnosed with the eye disease by us or by your ophthalmologist, our full collection of glasses comes with strength both in sunglasses and reading glasses which can solve the issue of myopia. 


Long-sightedness is essentially the reverse of myopia. As indicated by the name, it means that objects far away are clear in your vision, unlike objects close to your eye. The symptoms can occur due to tiring work activities that require focussing on objects close by, like reading, writing, and working on a computer. If you experience one or more of the aforementioned symptoms, you should consult an ophthalmologist, similar to those with myopia.  



Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes blurred. Symptoms of cataracts include blurred vision, seeing double, sensitive to light, or difficulty seeing in the dark. Without the right treatment, cataracts can lead to blindness. It is extremely important to gain professional advice if you believe you have symptoms. We suggest consulting your doctor or ophthalmologist if you experience the aforementioned symptoms.



The final eye disease of the most common that we cover is glaucoma. Glaucoma is one of the eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve is necessary for good vision, and as you could assume, this is a condition which needs to be taken care of by a professional.

Many forms of glaucoma come without major warning signs, or symptoms. The eye disease often comes gradually, and most don’t notice it until they reach an advanced stage of glaucoma. Symptoms include red eyes, headaches, blurred vision, and tunnel vision. To prevent glaucoma, it’s ideal to take regular vision tests and see an ophthalmologist regularly. If you are already experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a doctor or ophthalmologist.



Get rid of eye diseases

There are a number of ways to improve eye health and prevent diseases. Many of these revolve around having a healthy lifestyle and positively benefit other areas of your health. 

Examples include a healthy diet, and ensuring you have the right amounts of omega 3, iron, vitamin c, and vitamin e in your diet. Moreover, it’s even more important to ensure you do not smoke. Not only does this cause issues in other parts of your body related to cancer, it also increases the chances of developing cataracts and damaging the optic nerve. 

Drop smoking (if you smoke). Smoking has been associated with an increased chance of developing cataracts and damaging the optic nerve. 

One way that Christopher Cloos can help you with your eye health? Check out our sunglasses. Sunglasses are cool, beautiful to wear, and protect one from the sun’s harmful UV rays which can damage eyesight. Polarized sunglasses can also remove annoying glare and disturbing reflections and gives protection against UV radiation. At Christopher Cloos, our entire collection of sunglasses is polarized to ensure protection from UVA, UVB, and UVC radiation. See our collection here and let yourself be inspired by our universe of glasses.


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We hope this article has made you aware of eye diseases and what you can do to prevent them.

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